Was derzeit viel mehr interessiert ist, wie demnächst mit EU-Bürgern in England Eine britische Fahne weht in London, Großbritannien, vor dem berühmten . Damit waere allen geholfen, und auch die "Brexit" Leute wahren ihr Gesicht. Jan. Brüssel. Jetzt müssen die Briten ganz tapfer sein. Eigentlich wollten sie mit dem EU-Austritt ihres Landes in 14 Monaten endlich die vielen. Juni England wirkt in diesen Zeiten, als hätte es das Verständnis einer Kolonialmacht aus dem Jahrhundert. Der Brexit und das EM-Aus sind die.
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Du följer nu ämnet: Utvalt av redaktionen Ekonomi Demokraternas seger viss tröst för EU-vänner. Theresa May Följ ämne. Bara för dig som prenumererar.
Utländska arbetare ska rädda brittiska fruktskörden. Britterna snubblar vidare mot stupkanten. Europeiska unionen EU Följ ämne.
Inga nya gränser till Storbritannien. Erik de la Reguera Dansande May höjde varningens finger om Brexit. Ömsesidiga garantier för britter och norrmän om Brexit.
Erik de la Reguera Tories splittring oroar det brittiska näringslivet. Mays Brexitplan ett självmordsbälte. Ökad splittring om migrationen.
Leave-kampanjens största sponsor utreds för brott. Having lost their majority, that position appears weaker. Labour, which according to Corbyn "won this election," criticized the Conservatives' immigration targets and argued that "'no deal' is not a viable option.
In the wake of the election, many expected the government's Brexit position to soften. Some interested parties saw an opening: Politicians in Scotland pushed for a second independence referendum in the wake of the Brexit vote, but the results of the June 8 election cast a pall over their efforts.
The country as a whole rejected the referendum by Because Scotland only contains 8. Scotland joined England and Wales to form Great Britain in , and the relationship has been tumultuous at times.
That referendum, held in , saw the pro-independence side lose with Far from putting the independence issue to rest, though, the vote fired up support for the nationalists.
When Britain voted to leave the EU, Scotland fulminated. A combination of rising nationalism and strong support for Europe led almost immediately to calls for a new independence referendum.
When the Supreme Court ruled on November 3 that devolved national assemblies such as Scotland's parliament cannot veto Brexit, the demands grew louder.
On March 13 Sturgeon called for a second referendum, to be held in the autumn of or spring of Sturgeon's preferred timing is significant, since the two-year countdown initiated by Article 50 will end in the spring of , when the politics surrounding Brexit could be particularly volatile.
The snap election on June 8 threw a wrench into the SNP's independence push, and the issue is off the table for now. Scotland's bid would face the threat of a veto from Spain, which wants to avoid sending pro-independence messages to the restive autonomous region of Catalonia.
Scotland's economic situation also raises questions about its hypothetical future as an independent country. The crash in the oil price has dealt a blow to government finances.
In reality these figures are hypothetical, since Scotland's finances are not fully devolved, but the estimates are based on the country's geographical share of North Sea drilling, so they illustrate what it might expect as an independent nation.
The debate over what currency an independent Scotland would use has been revived. Former SNP leader Alex Salmond, who was Scotland's first minister until November , told the Financial Times on March 17 that the country could abandon the pound and introduce its own currency, allowing it to float freely or pegging it to sterling.
He ruled out joining the euro, but others contend that it would be required for Scotland to join the EU. Another possibility would be to use the pound, which would mean forfeiting control over monetary policy.
On the other hand, a weak currency that floats on global markets can be a boon to UK producers who export goods.
Industries that rely heavily on exports could actually see some benefit. Some sectors are prepared to benefit from an exit. Multinationals listed on the FTSE are likely to see earnings rise as a result of a soft pound.
NS , India's largest commercial bank, suggested that the Brexit will benefit India economically. While leaving the Eurozone will mean that the UK will no longer have unfettered access to Europe's single market, it will allow for more focus on trade with India.
India will also have more room for maneuvering if the UK is no longer abiding by European trade rules and regulations.
The Conservatives' poor showing in the June snap election called popular support for that approach into question, and many in the press speculated that the government could take a softer line.
Under either arrangement, the government insists, the UK would negotiate trade deals with third countries. Nicola Sturgeon echoed the sentiment, bemoaning the government's "daft 'have cake and eat it' approach" and saying they " should commit to staying in single market and CU, period.
The position paper acknowledged that a borderless customs arrangment with the EU — one that allowed the UK to negotiate free trade agreements with third countries — is "unprecedented" and "challenging to implement.
Politico's UK political correspondent Charlie Cooper wrote that the second proposed arrangement, the "new customs partnership," has "a significant upside" in that it avoids a hard broder between Ireland and Northern Ireland.
On the other hand, he worries that the paperwork involved could be "Kafkaesque": The former would be treated as though the UK border were still the EU border; the latter would be suject to whatever tariffs the UK had worked out with a given country.
The government is right that there is no example of this kind of relationship in Europe today. The arrangement is hardly a win-win, however: In September, May called this arrangement an unacceptable "loss of democratic control.
Earlier in the month, David Davis expressed interest in the Norway model in repsonse to a question he received at the U. Chamber of Commerce in Washington.
Switzerland helped set up the EEA, but its people rejected membership in a referendum. It is subject to many single market rules, without having much say in making them.
It pays a modest amount into the EU's budget. The EU would probably not want a relationship modeled on the Swiss example, either: The most obvious problem with this approach is that the UK has only two years from the triggering of Article 50 to negotiate such a deal — that is, until the end of March The EU has refused to discuss a future trading relationship until December at the earliest.
To give a sense of how tight that timetable is, CETA negotiations began in and were concluded in Three years later, a small minority of the EU's 28 national parliaments have ratified the deal.
Persuading the rest could take years. Even subnational legislatures can stand in the way of a deal: In order to extend the two-year deadline for leaving the EU, Britain would need unanimous approval from the EU Several British politicians, including Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond, have stressed the need for a transitional deal of a few years so that — among other reasons — Britain can negotiate EU and third country trade deals; the notion has met with resistance from hard-line Brexiteers, however.
Canada's and Britain's economies are also very different: Speaking in Florence in September, May said the UK and EU "can do much better" than a CETA-style trade agreement, since they're beginning from the "unprecedented position" of sharing a body of rules and regulations.
Monique Ebell of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research stresses that even with an agreement in place, non-tariff barriers are likely to be a significant drag Britain's trade with the EU: She reasons that free-trade deals do not generally handle services trade well.
Free trade deals also struggle to rein in non-tariff barriers. Admittedly Britain and the EU are starting from a unified regulatory scheme, but divergences will only multiply post-Brexit.
Even this default would not be entirely straightforward, however. This work has already begun. Trading with the EU on WTO terms is the "no-deal" scenario the Conservative government has presented as an acceptable fallback — though most observers see this as a negotiating tactic.
But they forget that is how they currently trade with the United States, with China, with Japan, with India, with the Gulf, and our trading relationship is strong and healthy.
For certain industries, however, the EU's external tariff would hit hard: Nor will the UK only be giving up its trade arrangements with the EU: Replacing these and adding new ones is an uncertain prospect.
Negotiations with third countries are technically not allowed while Britain remains an EU member, but even so informal talks have begun, particularly with the U.
Companies in the U. In alone, U. American companies have viewed Britain as a strategic gateway to other countries in the European Union.
Brexit will jeopardize the affiliate earnings and stock prices of many companies strategically aligned with the United Kingdom, which may see them reconsider their operations with British and European Union members.
American companies and investors that have exposure to European banks and credit markets may be affected by credit risk. Furthermore, UK debt may not be included in European banks' emergency cash reserves , creating liquidity problems.
European asset-backed securities have been in decline since This decline is likely to intensify now that Britain has chosen to leave.
Political wrangling over Europe is not limited to Britain.
As suggested by the Scottish Government before the referendum,  the First Minister of Scotland announced that officials were planning an independence referendum due to the result of Scotland voting to remain in the European Union when England and Wales voted to leave.
Sturgeon called for a "phased return" of an independent Scotland back to the EU. After the referendum, First Minister Sturgeon suggested that Scotland might refuse consent for legislation required to leave the EU,  though some lawyers argue that Scotland cannot block Brexit.
This Act allows for all devolved policy areas to remain within the remit of the Scottish Parliament and reduces the executive power upon exit day that the UK Withdrawal Bill provides for Ministers of the Crown.
Aviation may be heavily affected. The EU has rules allowing its airlines to fly anywhere in the union, also domestic, which will not apply to the UK anymore.
The British airline EasyJet decided to relocate its headquarter. The EU also has treaties with many countries regulating the right to fly over, take off and land there.
Unless permission or new treaties with the UK are made, aviation to and from the UK may stop. In the event of a no deal Brexit the French government has said that trains in the Channel Tunnel may not be allowed into France.
Ferries will continue, but with obstacles such as customs checks. The Financial Times said that there were approximately international agreements, spanning non-EU countries, that the UK would no longer be a party to upon leaving the EU.
A research paper presented to the UK Parliament in July proposed a number of alternatives to membership which would continue to allow access to the EU internal market.
There may be an interim deal between the time the UK leaves the EU and when the final relationship comes in force. There is concern about whether the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland becomes a "hard border" with customs and passport checks on the border,  and whether this could affect the Good Friday Agreement that was seen as instrumental in bringing peace to Northern Ireland.
This has been opposed by the British government. There is freedom of movement for all EU nationals within the Common Travel Area and there are no customs or fixed immigration controls at the border.
Since , the border has been essentially invisible. It is therefore possible that the border will return to being a "hard" one, with fewer, controlled, crossing posts and a customs infrastructure.
Both the EU and the UK have agreed this should be avoided. We will not continue to guard the border for Britain if it's no longer in the European Union," indicating that the juxtaposed controls would end with a leave vote.
French Finance Minister Emmanuel Macron also suggested the agreement would be "threatened" by a leave vote. Gibraltar is outside the European Union's common customs area and common commercial policy and so has a customs border with Spain.
Nevertheless, the territory remains within the European Union until Brexit is complete. During the campaign leading up to the referendum  the Chief Minister of Gibraltar warned that Brexit posed a threat to Gibraltar's safety.
After the result Spain's Foreign Minister renewed calls for joint Spanish—British control of the peninsula. In April , Spanish Foreign Minister Alfonso Dastis announced that Spain hopes to sign off on a bilateral agreement with Britain over Gibraltar before October so as not to hinder a Brexit transition deal.
Talks between London and Madrid had progressed well. While reiterating the Spanish long-term aim of "recovering" Gibraltar, he said that Spain would not hold Gibraltar as a "hostage" to the EU negotiations.
Shortly after the referendum, the German parliament published an analysis on the consequences of a Brexit on the EU and specifically on the economic and political situation of Germany.
Should there be a "hard Brexit", exports would be subject to WTO customs and tariffs. The trade weighted average tariff is 2. In total, , jobs in Germany depend upon export to Britain, while on the British side about three million jobs depend on export to the EU.
The study emphasises however that the predictions on the economic effects of a Brexit are subject to significant uncertainty. According to the Lisbon Treaty , Council of the EU decisions made by qualified majority voting can only be blocked if at least four members of the Council form a blocking minority.
This rule was originally developed to prevent the three most populous members Germany, France, Britain from dominating the Council of the EU.
With Brexit, the EU would lose its second-largest economy, the country with the third-largest population and "the financial capital of the world", as the German newspaper Münchner Merkur put it.
Thus, the departure of Britain would result in an additional financial burden for the remaining net contributors, unless the budget is reduced accordingly: The departure of the UK is expected to have a major effect on the EU.
The exit of the UK from the European Union means that this blocking minority can no longer be assembled leading to speculation that it could enable the other EU countries to enforce specific proposals such as relaxing EU budget discipline or providing EU-wide deposit guarantees within the banking union.
The EU will need to decide on the revised apportionment of seats in the European Parliament in time for the next European Parliament election, expected to be held in June , when the United Kingdom's 73 MEPs will have vacated their seats.
In April , a group of European lawmakers discussed what should be done about the vacated seats. One plan, supported by Gianni Pittella and Emmanuel Macron , is to replace the 73 seats with a pan-European constituency list; other options which were considered include dropping the British seats without replacement, and reassigning some or all of the existing seats from other countries to reduce inequality of representation.
Paul Gallagher , a former Attorney General of Ireland , has suggested this will isolate those countries and deprive them of a powerful partner that shared a common interest in ensuring that EU legislation was not drafted or interpreted in a way that would be contrary to the principles of the common law.
The combined EU fishing fleets land about 6 million tonnes of fish per year,  of which about 3 million tonnes are from UK waters.
The UK government announced in July that it would end the convention in Loss of access to UK waters will particularly affect the Irish fishing industry which obtains a third of its catch there.
The policy is generally considered a disadvantage to fish-rich countries and is a major reason why Norway and Iceland are not members.
Various EU leaders said that they would not start any negotiation before the UK formally invokes Article German foreign secretary Frank-Walter Steinmeier met Britain's foreign secretary Boris Johnson on 4 November ; Johnson stressed the importance of British-German relationships, whereas Steinmeier responded that the German view was that the UK should have voted to stay in the EU and that the German priority now was to preserve the remaining union of 27 members.
There could be no negotiations before the UK formally gives notice. A long delay before beginning negotiations would be detrimental.
Britain could not keep the advantages of the single market but at the same time cancel the "less pleasant rules". On 15 July , she said: Nick Clegg said the figures showed the Civil Service was unprepared for the very complex negotiations ahead.
These consist of an end to European Court of Justice jurisdiction, withdrawal from the single market with a "comprehensive free-trade agreement" replacing this, a new customs agreement excluding the common external tariff and the EU's common commercial policy , an end to free movement of people , co-operation in crime and terrorism, collaboration in areas of science and technology, engagement with devolved administrations, maintaining the Common Travel Area with Ireland , and preserving existing workers' rights.
She also confirmed, "that the Government will put the final deal that is agreed between the UK and the EU to a [ meaningful] vote in both Houses of Parliament, before it comes into force.
The Government has stated its intention to "secure the specific interests of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, as well as those of all parts of England".
EU negotiator Guy Verhofstadt , the European parliament's chief negotiator, said that: That means a number of things: We need to have an arrangement in which this arrangement can continue for those citizens who on an individual basis are requesting it.
An EU meeting to discuss Brexit was called for 29 April , Donald Tusk stating that the "priority would be giving "clarity" to EU residents, business and member states about the talks ahead".
Barnier called for talks to be completed by October to give time for any agreement to be ratified before the UK leaves in March The European Commission has, following the "Better regulation" initiative, in place since before Brexit, reduced the number of legislative proposals from to 23 per year.
Following the EU referendum, there have been many opinion polls on the question of whether the UK was "right" or "wrong" to vote to leave the EU.
The results of these polls are shown in the table below. There have also been opinion polls on how people would vote in a second referendum on the same question.
On 6 July , the UK Cabinet agreed a statement at Chequers that set out a proposal for the future relationship between the United Kingdom and the European Union ,  following which two members of the Cabinet resigned.
She proposed a referendum with three options: Voters would be asked to mark a first and second preference using the supplementary vote system.
If there were no majority for any particular option among first-preference votes, the third-placed option would be eliminated and second preferences would be used to determine the winner from the two remaining options.
The following table shows opinion polls that have been conducted on how people would vote in such a three-option referendum.
The table shows the poll results for a first round in which all three options would be available, and for a second round in which only the top two options in the first round would be available.
There have been opinion polls to gauge support for a second referendum on whether to accept or reject the final Brexit deal. The response of artists and writers to Brexit has in general been negative, reflecting a reported overwhelming percentage of people involved in Britain's creative industries voting against leaving the European Union.
Responses by visual artists to Brexit include a mural, painted in May , by the secretive graffiti artist Banksy near the ferry port at Dover in southern England.
It shows a workman using a chisel to chip off one of the stars on the European Union Flag. In his art exhibition at the Serpentine Gallery in London, the artist Grayson Perry showed a series of ceramic, tapestry and other works of art dealing with the divisions in Britain during the Brexit campaign and in its aftermath.
This included two large ceramic pots, Perry called his Brexit Vases, standing on plinths ten feet apart, on the first of which were scenes involving pro-European British citizens, and on the second scenes involving anti-European British citizens.
These were derived from what Perry called his "Brexit tour of Britain. One of the first novels to engage with a post-Brexit Britain was Rabbitman by Michael Paraskos published 9 March Rabbitman is a dark comic fantasy in which the events that lead to the election of a right-wing populist American president, who happens also to be a rabbit, and Britain's vote to leave the European Union, were the result of a series of Faustian pacts with the Devil.
As a result, Rabbitman is set partly in a post-Brexit Britain in which society has collapsed and people are dependent on European Union food aid.
Mark Billingham's Love Like Blood published 1 June is a crime thriller in which Brexit sees a rise in xenophobic hate crime. Post-Brexit Britain is also the setting for Amanda Craig 's The Lie of the Land published 13 June , a satirical novel set ten years after the vote to leave the European Union, in which an impoverished middle class couple from Islington in north London are forced to move from the heart of the pro-European Union capital, to the heart of the pro-Brexit countryside in Devon.
Brexit is also the baseline for Douglas Board's comic political thriller Time of Lies published 23 June In this novel, the first post-Brexit general election in is won by a violent right-wing former football hooligan called Bob Grant.
Board charts the response to this of the hitherto pro-European Union metropolitan political elite. Stanley Johnson 's Kompromat scheduled for July is a political thriller that suggests the vote to leave the European Union was a result of Russian influence on the referendum, although Johnson has insisted his book is not intended to point the finger at Russia's secret services , but is "just meant to be fun.
An allegorical work, the play uses the device of a convention called by the goddess Britannia , who is concerned about the future of the British people.
In , the television director Martin Durkin wrote and directed an 81 minute long documentary film titled Brexit: Following the Brexit vote, there have been several attempts to set up a new pro-European political party.
In , newly elected Liberal Democrats leader Vince Cable criticised 'pop up' anti-Brexit parties formed following the referendum, saying of those groups' policies " From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
United Kingdom's planned withdrawal from the European Union. Issues Endorsements Opinion polling Results Causes. Organisations advocating and campaigning for a referendum.
People's Pledge Labour for a Referendum. Bruges Group Campaign for an Independent Britain. The Movie In or Out. Calls for second vote. Organisations campaigning for a second vote via People's Vote.
Other organisations campaigning for a second vote. Opposition to Brexit in the United Kingdom. Part of a series on the.
History of women Military history. Opinion polling for the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum. United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, United Kingdom renegotiation of European Union membership, — Campaigning in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Results of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Aftermath of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Russian interference in the Brexit referendum.
European Union Withdrawal Act Economic effects of Brexit. Brexit and arrangements for science and technology. Continuing UK relationship with the EU.
Effect of Brexit on Gibraltar. Impact of Brexit on the European Union. This will be midnight Central European Time. Department for Exiting the European Union.
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Less is known about the likely dynamics of the transition process or the extent to which economic uncertainty and anticipation effects will impact the economies of the United Kingdom or the European Union in advance of Brexit.
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The issue has been discussed in the first phase of Brexit negotiations under the title of the 'single financial settlement' the settlement.
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Cameron said he would continue to work for "a different, more flexible and less onerous position for Britain within the EU".
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Rörlighetsdirektivet och Förordningen om arbetskraftens fria rörlighet ger medborgare i EU-länder rätt att bo och att ta arbete i valfritt EU-land om de kan försörja sig.
Eftersom Storbritannien inte vill ha kvar fri rörlighet för personer, har möjligheten till ett EES-avtal avvisats.
Mobiltelefoni kan dock komma att bli dyrare. Detta har inneburit att Storbritannien och Irland haft gränskontroll mot övriga EU-länder men inte mellan varandra.
I december kom EU och Storbritannien överens bland annat om att ingen gränskontroll ska inrättas längs Irlands gräns.
Med Storbritanniens utträde upphör tullfriheten gentemot EU. Ett annat problem är Gibraltar. Där är det redan fullständiga personkontroller, och fullständiga tullkontroller antas tillkomma.
Men avtalen är inte kopplade till EU utan är skrivna av de tre länderna och planeras inte sägas upp. Europeiska läkemedelsmyndigheten är baserad i London, men EU beslutade att den ska flytta till Amsterdam.
Den partiövergripande Open Britain-kampanjen menade att Storbritanniens parlament behövde säga sitt i saken, och Skottlands försteminister varnade för att Skottlands parlament skulle kunna blockera beslutet.
Storbritannien vill söka ett avtal med EU om frihandel och andra viktiga ämnen. Angela Merkel uttalade den 29 mars att förhandlingar om de framtida relationerna ska starta först efter det att förhandlingarna om utträdet avslutats.
Vissa överenskommelser gjordes under hösten. Folkomröstningen om Storbritanniens medlemskap i EU.Mays Aaron rodgers verletzung ett självmordsbälte Foto: The Conservative Party won the general election with a majority. Retrieved 15 July Spain calls for joint control of Gibraltar". Keir Starmer at Labour's Brexit debate — video. A report published in March by the Institute for Government commented that, in addition to the European Fc köln abstieg Withdrawal bill, primary and secondary legislation will be needed to cover the gaps in policy areas such powerball spielen customs, immigration and agriculture. Nor will the UK only Monster Mania Slot Machine Online ᐈ Microgaming™ Casino Slots giving up its trade arrangements with the EU: Mays Brexitplan hard rock hollywood casino självmordsbälte. Meanwhile, immigration from non-EU countries had increased. How economists are being proved right on Brexit Barry Eichengreen". The following table shows opinion polls that have been conducted on how people would vote in such a three-option referendum. Projekt översätta källmallar Mobile slot games for blackberry med döda externa länkar Alla artiklar med döda externa länkar. Legal challenges to the Tory-DUP coalition tropicacasino are reportedly being prepared. Less is known about the likely hopa casino no deposit bonus of the transition process or the extent to which economic uncertainty and anticipation effects will impact the economies of the United Kingdom or molbile.de European Union in advance of Brexit. Theresa May to trigger Article 50 by end of March".